Sunday Nov 28, 2021

Duties and powers of the prime minister

Introduction

In the parliamentary system, the prime minister is the head of government and the entire state system revolves around him. He is the leader of the majority party in parliament and is the source of power. He has more power than the president.

Relevant provisions

Article 46.91.95 of the constitution of Pakistan.

The Prime Minister’s office according to the 1973 constitution

The prime minister under the 1973 constitution is the true executive and head of government. The president is simply a constitutional figurehead acting on the advice of the prime minister. In fact, he is the true ruler of Pakistan.

Qualifications / characteristics for the office of Prime Minister (PM)

Pakistani Citizen

You should be a citizen of Pakistan.
Member of the National Assembly

Should be a member of the National Assembly.
You must not hold any position for profit.

He should not be in any lucrative position in the service of Pakistan.
Pakistani ideology

You should believe in the ideology of Pakistan.
Mentally and physically fit

You must be in good physical and mental shape.

PM nomination

The president, at his discretion, appoints from among the members of the National Assembly who has commanded the majority of the members of the chamber.

Election of the prime minister

Members of the National Assembly elect PM, leader of the majority party. The Assembly in its first session elects the president and vice president and then the prime minister. The Prime Minister shall be elected by a majority vote of the total number of members of the National Assembly.

PM’s oath

After the election, the prime minister takes the oath in the presence of the president. He declares himself a Muslim and the belief in the purpose of the Prophet (SAWW) promises to act on the Islamic ideology, give presence to the national interest, protect the constitution and be loyal to the country.

Allowances and salary of the P, M.

The prime minister receives different assignments and a salary of 56,000 rupees.
Term of office

The term of PM’s position is five years.

Powers and functions of the PM

The powers and functions of the Prime Minister are as follows:

Senior Advisor to the President

The prime minister is the president’s main adviser. The president fulfills his functions with the consultation of the prime minister

Cabinet formation

The Prime Minister, after being sworn in, selects his cabinet. Each minister, individually and the cabinet as a whole, is responsible for its actions before parliament.

National Leader

The PM is a national leader. He leads the nation and organizes public opinion in favor of his party.

Cabinet Leader

The prime minister is the leader of the cabinet. The entire minister works under the supervision of the PM.

House leader

The prime minister is the leader of the National Assembly. Your proposals are honored in the house. He expresses his opinions in the Assembly.

Power to confer titles and awards

The prime minister has the power to confer titles and awards to those who show excellent performance in different fields of life.

Appointment power.

The prime minister has the power to appoint senior officials with the approval of the president of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Appoints graduates, ministerial personnel and judges of the Supreme Courts and the Superior Courts. It also appoints the members of the National Finance Commission, etc.

Financial powers

The PM also deals with financial matters. The budget is prepared under your supervision.

Public welfare

The PM works for the public welfare. Take every possible step to improve the lifestyle of the people of your country.

External relationship

Foreign policy is prepared under his guidelines. Diplomats are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister.

Legislation power

The PM participates in legislation. All procedures are carried out with the consent of the PM. It plays a vital role in law making.

Administrative duties.

The PM performs the administrative function. He is responsible for the smooth running of the country’s affairs. Maintains law and order in the country.

Defense of the country

The prime minister is responsible for the defense of the country. You can take steps to improve the country’s defense system.

Power to dissolve the National Assembly

The prime minister can ask the president to dissolve the national assembly.

Party head

The prime minister is the head of the party. He belongs to the party that has a majority in the house. It has its political significance.

Power to fire ministers

If the PM is not satisfied with the role of his minister, he can terminate them.

Bridge between president and cabinet

The prime minister is a link between the president and the cabinet. The prime minister has the obligation to inform the president about the work of the cabinet.

Representative of the Nation

The PM is representative of the nation at the international level.
Resignation of the prime minister

The prime minister can present his resignation to the president at any time. After PM has resigned, all ministers will be removed from office.

Termination / Vote of no confidence against the Prime Minister

In accordance with the present procedure, a resolution of motion of censure may be proposed by no less than twenty percent of the total members of the National Assembly. The resolution will not be voted on before three days have elapsed, counted from the day on which said resolution is proposed in the national assembly.

Acting Prime Minister

In the event of the prime minister’s death, sick leave, resignation or overseas tour, the chief minister takes care of the work.

Final comments

In short, it can be said that the prime minister is the true executive of the country. It has a strong constitutional position. The prime minister is the president’s chief adviser. He is the leader of the house and elected for a period of 5 years. You can be removed from your post by passing a resolution of censure against you.
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