Thailand is known for its democratic legal system, which includes four courts, such as the Constitutional, the Military, the Administrative, and the Court of Justice. Anyone wishing to become a lawyer in Thailand is not required to pass the bar exam, as an aspiring lawyer would in the United States. Furthermore, this type of profession is not grouped into solicitors and lawyers. Thai lawyers must obtain a license from the Law Society of Thailand and must meet various other requirements before they can become legal professionals.
Qualifications for Thai Lawyers
People who intend to become a lawyer in Thailand must meet several requirements. For example, they must be at least 20 years old and a citizen of Thailand. In addition, applicants must have an associate degree, a law degree, or a certificate equivalent to these degrees. The degree obtained must be obtained from an institution accredited and recognized by the Law Society of Thailand.
Aside from these credentials, candidates must possess remarkable character and a sense of professionalism. Those who have been jailed, bankrupt, or known for their delinquent morals are prohibited from pursuing a career in law. In addition, applicants must be in excellent health, as any mental or physical illness can affect their competence as a legal professional. Lastly, applicants who are currently government officials cannot become lawyers in Thailand.
Regulations and requirements
According to the Law of Lawyers of Thailand, no one can become a legal professional in the country without a law degree, a license to practice and a registration. The Lawyers Society operates to educate, promote, and supervise all of its members. Those wishing to become members of the Society must meet specific educational and credential requirements. Educational requirements include a bachelor’s or associate’s degree in law. An alternative to the LL.B is a certificate in law equivalent to these university degrees. Also, applicants must be active members of the TBA (Thai Bar Association).
How to Become a Registered and Licensed Thai Lawyer
Individuals can register and obtain their license after they have completed professional training in the legal profession, as well as ethics and essential defense principles. The Legal Practice Institute of the Law Society of Thailand offers training courses for lawyers. The course is divided into two semesters or trimesters. During the first trimester, candidates learn more about professional ethics and theory of case conduct. Courses can be completed in a minimum of 90 hours. On the other hand, the second quarter is dedicated to practical training. Candidates must have experience working in a registered law firm, which they must do for at least 6 months.
After each period, candidates must take an exam. Then, they can now proceed to their application for membership in the Law Society of Thailand when they have completed their training courses. However, some candidates may be exempt from taking the training course if they have become law firm apprentices for more than a year. An exemption is also granted to those who have passed the test specified by the Board of Governors of the Law Society.